So you are considering an academic job in the USA… There is not a lot of information out there on academic job search in the USA for internationals so let me give you some insights from my experience.
I gained my PhD from an Australian University in 2013. I worked at that university for 6 months and was offered a full-time position that fell through in Jan 2014 (funding issues). As a result I applied for positions in the USA. I was offered a visiting position and started at a university in the USA in August 2014 (the start of the American academic year). I then applied for full-time continuing (known as tenure track in the USA) and gained a position unofficially in Dec 2014 and officially in Jan 2015. I started at that job in August 2015.
Check out the topics below that may be of interest to you about the academic job search in the USA for international:
Something else that I didn’t cover? Let me know on email email@example.com or on Twitter @outtraveling